Introduction The cutaneous leishmania[1], or leishmaniasis, threatens the residents of al-Lataminah city, particularly the vulnerable children. Up to 600 leishmania cases were reported in al-Lataminah alone between October 2018 and February 10, 2019.  According to the medical office in the city, 300 cases a month have been recorded since people returned home, notably after announcing a buffer zone[2] and a relative lull in the city. Testimonies obtained by STJ said the accumulation of garbage and cracks in drainage pipes in al-Lataminah...
Hama's Military Security Branch launched waves of arrests against civilians recently on malicious accusations or pretexts like ‘having links with terrorists’ inside the rebel-held areas in Idlib province, and many were arrested while commuting from Idlib to regime-held areas in Hama.   In December 2018, STJ, by its field researcher, obtained oral testimonies of newly released prisoners from Hama’s Military Security Branch, where some of them spent several months, while others stayed for only few days. In the month of November 2018 alone, some 40 people, including men, youths and women, were...
 Introduction Drug abuse[1] increased markedly in the rebel-held Hama and Idlib countryside[2], especially among children and youths between 16 and 30, due to insecurity[3] and spread of unlicensed pharmacies. Numbers of drug users estimated at 200.000 persons in Idlib alone while in Hama countryside 20% of children and youths are addicts, with a single ill-equipped drug treatment center in the area, doctors and eyewitnesses reported. Armed opposition groups controlling the countryside of Hama and Idlib...
Introduction: The kidnapping and killing of civilians in the provinces of Idlib and Hama have been recently on the increase particularly in August and September 2018. Insecurity and the absence of checkpoints on the entrances and exits of the cities and towns have led significantly to the rise of such incidents.     At least 25 kidnapping cases were reported in August and September 2018, mostly for ransom. The recent insecurity in both provinces caused panic among the population and led to a public disapproval. People feel unsafe because the armed opposition groups cannot control...