More

Preface: Syrian government forces, backed by its ally Russian forces, continued their military escalation on cities and towns of Eastern Ghouta in Damascus countryside, despite signing sustained agreements on May 4, 2017, that identified de-escalation zones in Syria. Representatives of sponsored states in the Astana Talks (Russia, Turkey and Iran) signed Memorandum of Understanding/MOU/  to establish de-escalation zones[1] in Syria; one of the most important items of the agreement is that establishment of de-escalation zones will initially last 6 months, extendable automatically by consensus guarantor states. The agreement also states...
Preface: The Siege of eastern Ghouta cities and towns four years ago still claims more lives, especially among the chronically ill persons such as kidney failure, also known as renal insufficiency, and cancer, who suffered doubly from the repercussions of the blockade siege and the denial of access to medical supplies. In mid-2015, a number of armed opposition factions managed to dig tunnels that reach between Eastern Ghouta and areas of the capital, Damascus, so some of the chronically ill persons could get out of Eastern Ghouta and receive treatment in Damascus hospitals, and in parallel,...